- Education 1205
"Recognizing (and not recognizing) the richness of children's linguistic repertoires: A raciolinguistic perspective on identity and interaction in urban schools"
Speaker: Ramón Martínez (Education, Stanford)
Recognizing (and not recognizing) the richness of children's linguistic repertoires:
A raciolinguistic perspective on identity and interaction in urban schools
Ramón Antonio Martínez
Diverse urban schools are key sites for exploring both transcultural contact (Orellana, 2016) and the interactional co-construction of identity (Bucholtz & Hall, 2005). In this paper, I draw on “raciolinguistic” perspectives (Alim, Ball, & Rickford, 2016; Flores & Rosa, 2015; Rosa & Flores, forthcoming) to explore how language and race were perceived, constructed, and invoked in a diverse urban elementary school in Los Angeles, California. Drawing on ethnographic and interactional data from my research in a Spanish-English dual language classroom at this school, I illustrate how “raciolinguistic ideologies” (Flores & Rosa, 2015; Rosa & Flores, forthcoming) mediated the construction of racialized subjectivities and reified forms of language among a diverse group of multilingual children and their teachers. I contrast the dynamic translingual practices (Canagarajah, 2014; García & Wei, 2014) of these children with the static notions of both language and race that predominate in the discourse around educational diversity. By foregrounding the relationship between language and racialization (Alim & Reyes, 2011; Chun & Lo, 2016), I highlight the processes by which these children’s forms of semiosis were variously displayed, ignored, (mis)construed, and recruited in the construction of particular racialized identities. I conclude with a consideration of practical implications for pre-service teacher preparation in diverse urban schools. In particular, I address the role of an analytic focus on children’s linguistic practices and ideologies in the larger project of exploring and disrupting teachers’ perceptions of and encounters with students of color.